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New education policy in India opened floodgates for innovation

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New education policy in India
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Rajya Sabha member and chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee on education, women, children, youth and sports, Dr Vinay Sahasrabuddhe said on Sunday 29th August, 2021 that the new education policy has opened floodgates for innovation and experimentation. 

New education policy
New education policy

He was addressing the round table meeting of Mission 5151, an initiative of the Gramodaya Chamber of Commerce and Technology (GCOT). 

He said integration of knowledge emanating from rural India is very important for the country to progress. 

He suggested that cow milking too could be a certificate course; and any individual who completes four such certificate courses in related fields could be considered for a valid degree from an educational institution of repute in the country. 

Earlier, Delhi Vasanth, Founder of GCOT and Trustee of Mission 5151 said, Covid-19 pandemic has forced India to look at and opt for traditional means of medicine which has proven to be highly effective in saving lives.

He observed that historically, Indian villages had knowledge of medicine indigenously but unfortunately the country lost that with time. He stressed the need to restore that great legacy of India for the benefit of the future generations. 

Prof R. Limbadri, Chairman, Telangana State Council for Higher Education and vice chancellors of various universities attended the event.

What is the New Education Policy 2020? 

New education policy

The New Education Policy 2020 was approved by the Union Cabinet ministry at a meeting by Prime Minister Narendra Modi ji on Wednesday, 29th July, 2020. 

The New Education Policy 2020 brings transformation reforms in the education system of schools and also in higher education. 

It replaces the 34 years old education by making a move towards strengthening India as a global power. 

New education policy

It includes the renaming of the HRD (Human Resource Development) ministry back to the Education Ministry which was changed at the time of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, in 1985. 

The NEP 2020 Promotes the spirit of “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat”. 

The main purpose of this policy is to fill the gap between current learning outcomes and those desired.

The New Education Policy 2020 suggest greater education institutions and also increase in the national annual outlay for education to 6 per cent of GDP.

Some benefits from New Education Policy 2020 are :

  • Strong learning foundation and powerful academic growth
  • Comprehensive development for students of all grades
  • Flexibility in choice of subjects
  • Skill development
  • Better student assessment
  • New platforms and techniques of teaching-learning

What are the major changes in the New Education Policy 2020? 

The New Education Policy 2020 can become a turning point in future. Some have welcomed it with open minds and others are still confused about it. 

To make it easy to understand for common people, here are some changes highlights :

  • All the higher education institutions except medical and law colleges will be governed by a single regularator. 
  • M Phil courses have been discarded. 
  • Board exams will be based on application knowledge. 
  • Both the public and private higher education institutes will be governed under the same norms
  • Home language, mother tongue or regional languages are going to be used as a medium of instruction up to class
  • All entrance exams for higher education institutes and universities will be held commonly.
  • School curriculum will be reduced to core concepts; integration of vocational education from class 6.
  • 10+2 study culture discontinue and new structure of 5+3+3+4 will be followed, subjecting to the respective age group of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years.

What is the 5+3+3+4 Class System Under National Education Policy 2020? 

New education policy
New education policy

It is the new Curriculum For Early Childhood Care And Education which will replace the 10+2 curriculum structure with a 5+3+3+4 structure. 

The new education system offers 12 years of school education with 3 years of pre-schooling/Anganwadi, because 3-6 years of age is globally recognized as the crucial age for the mental development of the child. 

That’s why the new Curriculum issued corresponding ages that is 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years of age, respectively. 

The NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) creates the National Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to 8 years old. 

Strengthened educational systems like Anganwadis and Kindergartens will focus on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE).

What are the changes School Curriculum And Pedagogy (teaching method)? 

Keeping in mind the overall development of students, the school curriculum and teaching methods are changed. 

These includes the following points 

  • 21st Century key skills.
  • Reduction in previous curriculum content
  • More flexibility in choosing the subjects
  • No distinguishing between science, commerce and maths.
  • Vocational education will include internships and will be imparted from class 6th onwards.
  • Sanskrit will be an optional third language subject at all levels of the school. Other than Sankrit, other languages will also be available as optional subjects till 5th to 8th classes. 
  • All students will take 3rd, 5th and 8th-year exams which will be taken by the competent authority. 10th and 12th classes will still appear for the board exams but the pattern will be restructured aiming at the integrated development of the child.

What are the changes in Higher Education under New Education Policy 2020? 

Undergraduates will now have the option to choose the number of years as per their requirement ranging from 1-4 years with appropriate certification.

For example, certificate after 1 year, advanced diploma after 2 years, license after 3 years and research license after 4 years. 

As per the policy of the new education system, by 2030, a teacher will require a minimum of B.Ed degree of 4 years for teaching in any institution. Continued action will be taken against lower quality Autonomous Teacher Training Institutions (TEIs).

All types of occupational education and training will be a fundamental part of the higher education system, to strengthen the base of the students for different professions. 

An internship of 10 days in a year will also be provided to the students in local vocations according to the area or region. 

Conclusion 

The Union Budget 2021-22 has already set  the announcement to qualitatively strengthen 15,000 schools across India to implement NEP.

Education is everyone’s right. Everyone is a stakeholder and should therefore be invited to contribute to actualize the vision of the (NEP) New Education Policy 2020 to make India’s education system strong, inclusive, and equitable.

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