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Evidence suggests coronavirus was born in a Wuhan Lab

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Former US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo said on Saturday that the evidence suggests that coronavirus originated from the Wuhan lab in the city. He adds to it by calling the risk of bioweapons and bioterror arising from the region “very real”.

“We worked to get every bit of evidence that we could, we tried to deliver this to the CDC, tried to work with the Chinese. They covered it up terribly,” Pompeo said.

Evidence suggests coronavirus was born in a Wuhan Lab
Image Source- Google | Image By- The economic times

He said that China’s efforts to deny any allegations, suggesting it was originated in a lab and circumstantial evidence of it show that it was made there only.

“They (China) are operating and conducting activities that are inconsistent with their capacity to secure those facilities. And the risk of bioweapons and bioterror emanating from this region is very real.”

Evidence suggests coronavirus was born in a Wuhan Lab
Image Source- Google | Image By- The economic times

The Covid-19 origins controversy has resurfaced after an Australian newspaper revealed that Chinese scientists were thinking of bioweapons, imagining a world war-3 scenario. Also, international investigators have been reinforced to rule out whether the virus was made by china as a bioweapon.

A report was WHO called the possibility of the virus coming from a lab “extremely unlikely” as there was no record of any lab being closely related to the virus.

Although some countries fully supported WHO’s efforts to bring an end to the question of origin and spread of virus, they believe that the international study about the source of the virus was delayed and lacked complete access to original data.

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How is E-Waste managed in India,Opportunities and Challenges

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How is E-Waste managed in India

The growth in the science and IT sector set up the industrial revolution in the 18th century which resulted in human civilization. 

In the 20th century, Our lives changed completely because of the IT sector’s growth.

 But at the same time,faster upgrading of electronic products forces users to scrape old electronic products quickly which leads to e-waste. 

According to the Global E-waste Monitor 2020 report the world dumped a record 53.6 million tonnes of e-waste last year. Only 17.4% was recycled.

China, with 10.1 million tonnes, was the biggest contributor to e-waste, and the United States was second with 6.9 million tonnes. India, with 3.2 million tonnes, was third. Together these three countries accounted for nearly 38% of the world’s e-waste last year

This electronic waste creates problems for human life and the environment. 

The growing problem of e-waste calls for greater emphasis on recycling e-waste and better e-waste management. 

What is E-Waste? 

E-Waste or Electronic Waste is generate when any electronic or electrical products becomes unusable to use or if the product is expired. 

This happens because of rapid upgradation in the electrical or electronic products, the old ones replaced with new models. 

Computers, servers, mainframes, monitors, compact discs (CDs), printers, scanners, copiers, calculators, fax machines, battery cells, cellular phones, transceivers, TVs, iPods, medical apparatus, washing machines, refrigerators, and air conditioners are examples of e-waste (when unfit for use). 

This leads to an increase in E-Waste.Also India, with 3.2 million tonnes, was third in 2020 according to Global E-Waste Monitor. 

E-Waste is injurious to human health, environment and toxic in nature,the incapability of India in recycling e-waste to mine precious and critical materials is a loss to the country’s economy as well. 

Composition of E-waste 

E-waste typically consists of plastics, metals, cathode ray tubes (CRTs), printed cables, circuit boards, and so on. 

Valuable metals such as copper, silver, gold, and platinum could be recovered from e-wastes, if they are scientifically processed. The presence of toxic substances such as liquid crystal, lithium, mercury, nickel, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), selenium, arsenic, barium, brominated flame retardants, cadmium, chrome, cobalt, copper, and lead, makes it very hazardous, if e-waste is dismantled and processed in a crude manner with rudimentary techniques.

Consumers are the key to better management of e-waste. Initiatives such as Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR); Design for Environment (DfE); Reduce, Reuse, Recycle (3Rs), technology platform for linking the market facilitating a circular economy aim to encourage consumers to correctly dispose their e-waste, with increased reuse and recycling rates, and adopt sustainable consumer habits. 

Challenges for E-waste Management in India

Challenges for E-waste Management in India
Challenges for E-waste Management in India

In India E-Waste management is an important informal sector activity. This is something that has started in India in past decades and for a vast country like India, it is understandable for India to face certain challenges for the purpose of E-recycling. 

This is something that has started in India in past decades and for a vast country like India, it is understandable for India to face certain challenges for the purpose of E-recycling. 

The common recycling practices for middle-class urban households, particularly for waste paper, plastic, clothing, or metal, is to sell out to small-scale, informal sector buyers often known as ‘kabadiwalas,’ and they further sort and sell these as an input material to artisanal or industrial processors.

E-waste management in India follows a similar pattern. An informal e-waste recycling sector employs thousands of households in urban areas to collect, sort, repair, refurbish, and dismantle disused electrical and electronic products.

However, there is a different situation in advanced countries, and there is no concept in India of consumers voluntarily donating the useless electrical and electronic equipment at formal e-waste recycling centers. Also, there is not a concept of consumers paying for disposal of the e-waste they generate.

Challenges are as follows:

E-waste volume generated 

India ranks fifth in e-waste production at about 1.7 lakh tons per year.

Involvement of Child Labor

In India, about 4.5 lakh children working between the ages of 10 to 14 are considered to be involved in various E-waste activities and that without adequate protection in various premises and rehabilitated workplaces. Therefore, there is an urgent need to introduce effective legislation to prevent the entry of children into the E-waste market – its collection, classification, and distribution.

Unemployment Law

There is no public information on most SPCBs / PCC websites. 15 of the 35 PCBs / 35 PCCs do not have E-waste related information on their websites, their point being a visible public connector.

The basic E-waste Rules and guidelines are also needed to be uploaded. If there is no information on their website, especially the details of recycling personnel and E-waste collectors, residents and waste producers who are losing their waste and do not know how to fulfill their responsibility. Therefore, there is a failure in the effective implementation of the E-Management Waste Management Regulations.

Lack of infrastructure

There is a huge gap between present recycling and collection facilities and the quantum of E-waste that is being generated. No collection and take back mechanisms are in place. There is a lack of recycling facilities. 

Health risks

E-waste contains more than 1,000 toxic substances, which pollute the soil and groundwater. Exposure can cause headaches, irritability, nausea, vomiting, and eye pain. Recyclers can suffer from liver, kidney, and emotional problems. Out of ignorance, they risked their lives and their environment.

Lack of incentive schemes

No clear guidelines exist for the informal sector to manage E-waste. And no incentives have been raised to lure people involved in the legal process of E-waste management. Conditions in the field of informal reform are much worse than in the formal sector. There are no schemes to encourage producers to do something to manage e-waste.

Poor awareness and sensitization

Limited access and notification regarding disposal, after determining the expiration date. And only 2% of people think about the impact on the environment while discarding their old electrical and electronic equipment.

 E-waste imports

Importation of waste equipment falling into India – 80 percent of E-waste in developed countries for recycling is exported to developing countries such as India, China, Ghana, and Nigeria.

Decentralization involved

Lack of cooperation between the various authorities responsible for the management and disposal of such waste includes non-municipal involvement. 

Security results

End of life computers often contain sensitive personal information and bank account details which, if not deleted leave opportunity for fraud.

High cost of setting up re-use space

In addition, the study also states that renewable technology projects (including steel and non-ferrous metals refining) are at a major economic disadvantage compared to basic process activities and are generally not economically viable.

Legal recycling companies in India apart from others are limited to pre-processing of e-waste materials, where crushed waste is exported to mines outside India. The formal sectors in India will still need to be utilized to use state-of-the-art waste recycling technology due to garbage collection problems and in part because of the difficulty of making a profit with high investment in high-tech and expensive technology. 

Lack of research

Government must encourage research into the development and standards of hazardous waste management, environmental monitoring and the regulation of hazardous waste-disposal. 

Opportunities of E-Waste Management in India

Opportunities of E-Waste Management in India
Opportunities of E-Waste Management in India

There is no way to end the generation of e-waste. All we can do is find and adapt more convenient ways to recycle such waste. Like rights and duties go hand in hand, challenges and opportunities go hand in hand. Everything that is a challenge for the country at large, becomes an area of opportunity as well, of course, when the solutions are provided for the challenge. 

Some Solution Opportunities are as follows :

  • Trained Managers: Employees want that a reputable labour team supplier shall briefly explain the expectation of the job and shall then manage the workers. This would make the employees happy, so that they do a good job and keep their job. This would help to the large extent in the problem of employee retention as well.
  • Domestic legal framework to address the gaps in import of e-waste. And ensure that the framework addresses the issue of e-waste imports for recycling and re-use. A certain need to address safe disposal of domestic waste is also a requisite.
  • Recycling shall be tied up with take-back products. 
  • Investments that shall attract the recycling sector.
  • Linking of activities of the informal sector with formal sector activities.
  • Promotion of technologies for recycling, like adequate ESM technology. And incorporation of precautionary principles.
  • Collection Depots: In line with the example of British Columbia, the actual flow of old electronic items begins with authorized collection depots. Enter contracts in more than 100 places in B.C. receiving authorized items, where they are usually tiled in type (computers, televisions, etc.) and folded, to be sent to the assembly centre. Most of the B.C. collection centers also serve as bottles and beverages that can bring back centers, generating more business than the e-scrap side of work.
  • Consolidation Points: Consolidation points are a common practice in the logistics world. They allow for LTL (less than load) to be integrated into complete loads to provide efficient transport efficiency. In the B.C. model, the next stop behind the collection centre is the assembly centre. For a company that is interested in this type of business integration, port departments to facilitate the loading and unloading of truck handling equipment, and a secure storage area for bulk products are required. For some authorities, opportunities for integration are also available.
  • Basic recycling: In recycling materials, a recycler with more than 100 employees at its 25,000-square-foot facility, incoming debris is removed from pallets and recycled by equipment operators in the workplace and packaged in the appropriate pallet bin, including sectors such as circuit boards, metal, plastic and glass. For large companies, there are considerations of reputation and credit as well as the need to protect corporate confidential information.
  • Secondary Process: Clean items are then shipped to other operations for further processing. Some of these materials, such as copper, may generate revenue for the recycling of raw materials, while other materials, such as glass, that will be reused will pay for better processing. Another way to continue the release of material is the use of cutting machines, which separate the electrical debris to facilitate the release of the material. The extraction is aided by a number of filtering technologies including magnets, vibrations, optical devices and eddy currents. 

Conclusion 

E-waste management is an important issue for the government of India. It is becoming a huge public health issue also increasing day by day. 

It is necessary to stop it otherwise we will face a huge problem in future. Reducing the amount of toxic substances in e-products will have a positive impact on the environment. 

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Jeff Bezos Ex-wife donates $2.7 billion to Indian Organizations

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MacKenzie Scott, ex-wife of Jeff Bezos and a philanthropist, gave $2.7 billion to a variety of charities on Tuesday. Many foundations have benefitted with this amount; they include Goonj, GiveIndia, Antara Foundation and 283 others.

“Me, Dan, a constellation of researchers and administrators and advisors — we are all attempting to give away a fortune that was enabled by systems in need of change. We are governed by a humbling belief that it would be better if disproportionate wealth were not concentrated in a small number of hands, and that the solutions are best designed and implemented by others,” Scott said.

Jeff Bezos Ex-wife donates $2.7 billion to Indian Organizations
Image Source- Google | Image By- The Economic Times

“Because community-centred service is such a powerful catalyst and multiplier, we spent the first quarter of 2021 identifying and evaluating equity-oriented non-profit teams working in areas that have been neglected. The result was $2,739,000,000 in gifts to 286 high-impact organisations in categories and communities that have been historically underfunded and overlooked,” she added.

Jeff Bezos and Scott separated in 2019 after which Mackenzie Scott got married to Dan Jewett and since they have been married, this is her first charity campaign.

Jeff Bezos Ex-wife donates $2.7 billion to Indian Organizations
Image Source- Google | Image By- News Express

“Because we believe that teams with experience on the front lines of challenges will know best how to put the money to good use, we encouraged them to spend it however they choose. Many reported that this trust significantly increased the impact of the gift. There is nothing new about amplifying gifts by yielding control. People have been doing it in living rooms and classrooms and workplaces for thousands of years. It empowers receivers by making them feel valued and by unlocking their best solutions. Generosity is generative. Sharin

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Doctor refuses to wear a mask in the supermarket, booked

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Doctor refuses to wear a mask in the supermarket, booked

In a recently went viral video, a man can be seen arguing with the staff member of a supermarket who was just doing his job by asking him to wear a mask at the counter. This customer was later identified as Dr B Srinicas Kakkilaya.

This incident happened in Karnataka on Wednesday and a case was filed against the doctor. In his defense, Dr Kakkilaya can be seen saying, “I am not putting anyone at risk because I have already had Covid and I have recovered from it”. To this the staff member replies saying, “reasonable, but the rules should be the rules”.

The co-owner of the supermarket Ryan Rosario complained a file against this man and in his complain, he mentioned that the doctor said that had treated patients without wearing any mask and questioned why he was being compelled to wear one in a supermarket.

“He (the accused) has put my customers and staff at risk… I urge the government to look into this matter and take necessary action against the concerned person,” Rosario stated in his complaint.

Doctor refuses to wear a mask in the supermarket, booked
Image Source- Google | Image By- CNBC

The Police Commissioner of Mangaluru N Shashikumar said, “Based on the complaint, we have filed a case under relevant sections of the Epidemic Diseases Act 2020 at Kadri police station”.

“The incident had taken place on May 18 (Tuesday) but the video went viral and was seen as shared across social media platforms today. Despite repeated requests, he (the accused) is seen refusing to wear a mask and has even questioned the Covid-19 guidelines issued by the government”, a cop said.

The doctor is to appear before the investigating officer, according to the police.

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Israel destroyed Gaza tower housing AP and AI Jazeera office

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Israel destroyed Gaza tower housing AP and AI Jazeera office

On Saturday, Israel destroyed a 12-storey tower in Gaza City housing the office of some news media. Israel said that the building was also being used by Islamist militant group named Hamas.

The military said its figher jets struck the building that contained military assets that belonged to the intelligence offices of the Hamas organization. It also said that an advance warning had been given to the civilians of the building so that they could get out.

CEO Gary Pruit said on Israel destroyed Gaza tower

Israel destroyed Gaza tower housing AP and AI Jazeera office
Image Source- Google | Image By- Reuters

AP President and CEO Gary Pruit said, “We are shocked and horrified that the Israeli military would target and destroy the building housing AP’s bureau and other news organizations in Gaza. The world will know less about what is happening in Gaza because of what happened today.”

Hamas has recently fired more than 2,000 rockets at Israel in its latest violence. Palestinians medics say that at least 139 people have been killed in Gaza which included 39 children.

Israel destroyed Gaza tower housing AP and AI Jazeera office
Image Source- Google | Image By- Reuters

Al Jazeera carried a report on its English-language website about the strike. The journalist Safwat al-Kahlout was quoted saying, “I have been working here for 11 years. I have been covering many events from this building, we have lived personal professional experiences. Now everything, in two seconds, just vanished.”

Video of the after strike show the damage done. The social media is now filled with the pictures and videos of the strike.

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Joe Biden Announced a Great Day for America

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President Joe Biden announces on Thursday telling the American people that they have now removed indoor masks, which are “a great day” against Kovid 19. they could now “smile again.”

He addressed the whole country from the White House and said “I think it’s a great milestone, a great day,”

Joe Biden announced his victory over Joe who had been fighting this corona for the past year. In this Corona period, half a million Aramean people have lost their lives.

Joe Biden Announced a Great Day for America
Image Source- Google | Image By- DNA India

He further said that the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has said that people who have got both doses of the vaccine. They are now exempted from applying masks in indoor activity.

Biden has asked people who have not yet taken both doses of the vaccine to wear masks.

He said “Please protect yourself until we get to the finish line. Because as great as this announcement is, we don’t want to let up. We all know how tough this virus us. The safest thing for the country, is for everyone to get vaccinated, “

Joe Biden Said

Joe Biden Announced a Great Day for America
Image Source- Google | Image By- Nature

He further said that you’ve endured all this. When your country asked you to get vaccinated, you did. The American people stepped up. You did what I consider to be your patriotic duty. That’s how we got to this day. As president, I can say I’m pleased … but not surprised, “he said.

As the virus tragically rages in other countries, as other countries, even wealthy nations, are mired in the challenges of slow vaccine rollout and poor economic conditions, things are very different here.”

Biden said that out of 50 states, now in 49 states, Corona cases have been completed. Deaths have also decreased by 80% since April 2020 when Corona’s hold was very high.

However, “it’s going to take a little more time,” he said. “Most people under the age of 65 aren’t vaccinated yet.”

Joe Biden announced and said “Take your mask off. You’ve earned the right to do something that Americans are known for all around the world: greeting others with a smile,” he said.

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Bill Gates and Melinda Separate after 27 Years of Marriage

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The former world’s richest man Bill Gates and his wife Melinda have mutually decided to end their marriage after 27 years of being together.

They tweeted, “After a great deal of thought and a lot of work on our relationship, we have made the decision to end our marriage. Over the last 27 years, we have raised three incredible children and built a foundation that works all over the world to enable all people to lead healthy, productive lives.”  

They will be running their Bill and Melinda foundation together. He mentioned in his tweet saying “We continue to share a belief in that mission and will continue our work together at the foundation. But we no longer believe we can grow together as a couple in the next phase of our lives. We ask for space and privacy for our family as we begin to navigate this new life.”

Image source- Google | Image By- She the People

Bill gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, met Melinda after she began working at Microsoft as a product manager in 1987. They both got married in 1994 in Hawaii.

Now after raising three children and being together for 27 years. They are going to enter a phase of life without each other. However, they will work on their foundation together as partners and not as a couple.

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Canada to Send $10 Million to India to Fight COVID

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India is the worst-affected country by coronavirus. Everyday more and more people are getting infected. The lockdowns are being imposed in many states to help prevent the spread of this deadly virus. In such times, other countries are coming forward to help and Canada is one of them.

Justin Trudeau, Prime minister of Canada, on Wednesday informed that they are sending 10 Million Dollars to India to help it fight the pandemic. So that India can deal with the shortage of emergency equipment. We can even expect more assistance from Canada in the future.

Justin Trudeau tweeted, “Right now, the people of India are facing a tragic situation. To help with everything from ambulance services to buying personal protective equipment, we’re contributing $10 Million to @IndianRedCross through @RedCrossCanada. We stand ready to denote extra medical supplies, too.”

On Tuesday, Canada’s foreign minister, Marc Garneau spoke to S Jaishankar and told him that every possibility is being explored in which they can help India. This is what he tweeted,” This morning, I spoke with @DrSJaishankar to convey Canada’s solidarity with the people of India as they face this deadly wave of #Covid19. Canada is exploring all options to support India’s urgent needs. We are ready to assist.

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Brett Lee donates 1 Bitcoin to aid India fight COVID-19 Pandemic

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Recently, Pat Cummins donated 50,000 USD to the PM Cares Fund. Now Brett Lee, a former Australian pacer has come forward and donated 1 bitcoin (worth roughly 41 lakh).  He donated it to Crypto Relief which will help in purchasing oxygen supplies for hospitals across India.

India has always been like a second home for me. The love and affection that I have got from the people of this country both during my professional career. Even after my retirement holds a special place in my heart. It saddens me deeply to see people suffering due to the ongoing pandemic,” Brett Lee wrote in a tweet. 

“I feel privileged to be in a position of making a difference and with that in mind, I’d like to donate 1 BTC (Bitcoin) to Crypto Relief to help with the purchase of oxygen supplies for the hospitals across India,” he added.

When the international player Cummins donated, he urged others to come forward and support India in these tough times. Lee also sent a similar message to his fans where he said that everyone must follow the preventive measures to help prevent the spread of virus. He urged people to wear masks, wash hands and stay inside and only leave, if necessary.

The cases and death toll are increasing at an alarming rate. Total cases have reached 1.73 crore and the death toll stands at over 1.95 lakh. 

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India to receive help from other countries amid a pandemic

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The whole world is familiar with the way India is being affected by the second wave of coronavirus. The cases are increasing rapidly which has overwhelmed the health institutes and medical practitioners. The shortage of oxygen has been making the matter worse.

The central government is doing all that they can to supply the required resources to the states. And not just our government, now the other countries are also coming forward to help India go through this tough time with the minimum damage possible.

On Sunday, UK sent one consignment of aid to India and the second one is due to arrive on Tuesday. It includes 495 oxygen concentrators (they help extract oxygen from the air), 120 non-invasive ventilators and 20 manual ones.

India to receive help from other countries amid a pandemic

“We stand side by side with India as a friend and partner during what is a deeply concerning time in the fight against Covid-19,” UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a statement

US, on the other hand, is getting the raw material ready to be sent to Indian vaccine manufacturers. The president Joe Biden said, “Just as India sent assistance to the United States as our hospitals were strained early in the pandemic, we are determined to help India in its time of need.” 

United States is also providing other medical equipment and protective gear. Also, France says that it will provide oxygen to India. Not just that, even Pakistan offered medical equipment to India. Their PM Imran Khan tweeted praying for a speedy recovery.

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Covishield side-effects: Concerns in Europe

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Covishield side-effects: Concerns in Europe

Our central government decided to go deeper into the review of side-effects on people after being vaccinated. Several countries suspended Oxford-AstraZeneca because of the fear of blood clot. However, no such case has been reported in the country. The Local version of Oxford-AstraZeneca is called Covishield, Which Serum Institute of India—world’s largest vaccine manufacturer by volume— made with AstraZeneca to produce a billion doses of the vaccine for Covid-19.

Covishield side-effects: Concerns in Europe

“We are looking at all the adverse events, particularly serious adverse events like deaths and hospitalisation. We will come back if we find anything of concern,” N.K. Arora, a member of India’s national task force on COVID-19 told news agency AFP

Arora also said “There is no immediate issue of concern as a number of adverse events (in India) is very, very low. We are re-looking at (adverse events that were reported) to see if there was any issue of blood clotting.”

“In fact there is a real effort from our side that once complete investigation is done, to put its results in public domain, on the ministry of health website,” Arora added.

Covishield side-effects: Concerns in Europe

Having granted the emergency use approval to Covishield, it first dose was given to 16,39,663 beneficiaries that included health-care workers and front line workers. The second shot was received by 4,13,874 people. So far, 2,82,18,457 doses have been administered.

“Some states in the country have been reporting very high number of daily new Covid cases. Maharashtra, Kerala, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu continue to report a surge in Covid daily cases,” the health ministry said in a statement on Friday.

Whether Covishield has side-effects in India or not is still a debatable topic. For the record, in last 24 hours, India had 23,285 cases out of which 85.6% came from six states

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