It’s very important for every employee to know about their fundamental duties and rights. Because in many workplaces the owners and superiors do not treat their employees well and some employees do not know about their rights. So they think it’s right what is happening with them and they start to adjust to the situation. But our law has made some acts for employee rights. So it’s a duty of every employee to know about their rights so they can easily work at the workplace and they do not have any need to adjust to that policy which is against them. Further, I will explain a few rights of the employees.
An employment agreement is a written legal document, in which on a document all duties and rules and regulations are mentioned and also that facilities are mentioned to be provided by the employer to the employee. This agreement is duly signed by the employer and given to the employee before start working. The reason for this agreement is to avoid disputes and conflict for future related work.
Leave is a very important right for employees. They can take leave according to the situation. There are 4 types of leave. Casual leave if the employee gets any emergency then they can take a casual leave. Paid leave in which the employee pays the amount for the leave and then the employer does not deduct from the salary. Sick leave in which an employee can be absent if sick. Unpaid leave if the employee takes leave without informing then the employer can deduct from the salary.
According to the maternity benefits act, 2007 are made for female employees. A pregnant employee can take maternity leave. If in case she does not do well and faces any problem during the pregnancy then she can also take maternity leave.
According to the Payment of gratuity act, 1972, an employee gets paid if the employee retires, resigns or dies. But for this, the employee has to have completed a minimum 5 years of time in the firm. if the employer does not give any gratuity to the employee then the employee has a right to take legal action against the firm.
Basically, a notice is issued before terminating anyone’s employment. If any employer dismisses the employee without any notice then the employee has the right to take legal action against them. Because our law does not give permission to anyone to fire an employee without any notice.